part 1:

1. How did Stalin and the capitalist West regard each other after World War II?
Stalin feared the Capitalists while the US feared Communism

2. What did the United States and Great Britain believe should happen with the liberated nations of Eastern Europe?
should freely determine their own governments

3. After freeing Eastern Europe from the Nazis, what course of action did the Soviet army follow?
stayed in the conquered areas.

4. What was the Truman Doctrine?
stated that the United States would provide money to countries (in this case, Greece) threatened by Com- munist expansion.
was followed in June 1947 by the European Recovery Pro- gram. Proposed by General George C. Marshall, U.S. secretary of state, it is better known as the zones. Plan.

5. Describe the program known as the Marshall Plan.
The Truman Doctrine was fol- lowed in June 1947 by the European Recovery Pro- gram. Proposed by General George C. Marshall, U.S. secretary of state, it is better known as the zones. Plan

6. What two events in 1949 caused great fear in the United States?
Arms race; Sputnik I

7. What did the member nations of NATO agree to do?
provide mutual help if any one of them was attacked

8. How did the Korean War begin in 1950?
When The Communist N. Korean Government allied with the Soviets to take over S. Korea

9. What organization was formed to stem Soviet aggression in the East?
SEATO (SouthEast Asia Treaty Organization)

10. How did Nikita Khrushchev seek to stop the flow of refugees out of East Germany to West Berlin?
By creating the Berlin Wall

11. Name the event in 1962 that brought the world close to nuclear war.
The Cuban Missile Crisis

12. What was the “domino theory”?
The theory that if Northern Vietnam Controlled Southern Vietnam, All southeast Asia will fall to them.

part 2:

VI. Stalin remained the undisputed master of the Soviet Union after World War II.
A. By 1950, Russian industrial production had surpassed pre-war levels.
B. The Soviet people were XXXXX with few consumer goods.
C. Stalin’s suspicions added to the increasing repres- sion of his regime.

II. Nikita Khrushchev emerged as chief Soviet politician. .
A. Khrushchev condemned Stalin for his administrative violence, mass repression, , and terror.

B. Government controls on literary works were loosened.
C. Failed U.S. policies along with increased military spending hurt the economy.

III. By the end of the war, Soviet military forces occupied most of Eastern Europe.

A. The Eastern European satellite states followed Soviet example.
B. Communism did not develop deep roots among the people of Eastern Europe.
C. The Soviet Union made it clear that no satellite states would become independent of Soviet control.
1. In spite of reforms in 1956, Poland pledged to remain loyal to the Warsaw Pact
. 2. As Hungary declared itself a free nation in 1956, the Soviet Army attacked Budapest.
3. Alexander Dubc ̆ek in Czechoslovakia hoped to create “social- ism with a human face.” .
4. The Soviets invaded Czechoslovakia in August 1968 and crushed the reform movement.

part 3:

1. By 1950, industrial output in Europe was 30 percent above prewar levels.
2. This economic recovery continued well into the 1950s and 1960s.
3. One man—the war hero Charles de Gaulle , dominated the history of France for nearly a quarter of a century after the war.
4. Under Adenauer , West Germany experienced an “economic miracle.”
5. An economic downturn in the mid-1960s opened the door to the Social Democratic Party.
6. Under Clement Attlee, the new Prime Minister, the British Labour government set out
to create a modern welfare state .
7. In 1957, six Western European countries signed the Rome Treaty and created the Common Market
8. The ideals of Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal largely determined the patterns of American domestic politics.
9. Cold War struggles abroad led to the widespread fear that Communists had infiltrated the United States.
10. Thousands of American soldiers were sent to Korea to fight and die in a war against Communist aggression.
11. The civil rights movement had its beginnings in 1954, when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in public schools was illegal.
12. With Richard Nixon’s election in 1968, a shift to the political right in American politics began.